Studying the vulnerability reduction and physical-spatial organization of Bojnord city through the urban land use planning (case study: flood)
AbstractFlood is one of the most important natural disasters that cause the casualties and losses every year. Today, the massive growth of the population, the leveling of the land and the occupation of rivers and waterway s, along with the climatic and physiographic factors in big cities, have caused the urban flood spread. Bojnourd City has a high degree of vulnerability to natural hazards due to its geographical location in the Kopet Dag and Aladagh mountains, and the presence of rivers and waterway s inside it, on the one hand, and placing on the faults on the other hand.In this research, a descriptive-analytical method and the aerial maps have been used to collect the information.The results of the research indicated that Bojnord City is highly expected to flood in terms of the probability of flood-related vulnerability.
Berke. Ph, Smith.G. (2006). Hazard Mitigation, Planning, And Disaster Resiliency:Challenges And Strategic Choices For The 21st Century‚ In Sustainable Development And Disaster Resiliency, The Netherlands: IOS Press, Amersterdam, Pp. 1-21.
Esmailie Aloygeh E. et al. (2017). "Evaluation of Vulnerability of Urban Areas against Flood with Fuzzy Logic (Case Study: 22nd District Of Tehran)", University Of Tehran Magazine, September 2017.
León‚ J., March‚ A. (2014). Urban Morphology As A Tool For Supporting Tsunami Rapid Resilience: A Case Study Of Talcahuano, Chile‚ Habitat International‚ Volume 43, July 2014, Pages 250–262.
Lu‚ P.‚ Stead‚ D. (2013). Understanding the Notion of Resilience In Spatial Planning: A Case Study Of Rotterdam, The Netherlands‚ Cities‚ Volume 35‚ Pp. 200–212.
MajidiHeravi A. (2015). "Urban Flood Vulnerability in Northwest of Tehran (Farahzad to Ken Basins)", Geography Journal, Scientific Information Database, Volume 13, Issue 46, autumn 2015, Pp. 181- 201.
Mousavi M. et al. (2016). "Evaluation and Zoning of Flood Hazard Using Fuzzy Logic TOPSIS in GIS Environment (Case Study: Baghmalek Drainage Basin)", Journal of Natural Environment, Vol. 5, No. 10, winter 2016.
Rajabi M. et al. (2018). "Zoning the Vulnerability of Natural and Geomorphologic Hazards of the Settlements of Saqez (Case Study: Flood and Earthquake)", Tabriz University Journal, Volume 7, Issue 2, No.26, autumn 2018, Pp. 183-195.