Use of virtual reality in physiotherapy approach in children with cerebral palsy: literature review
AbstractCerebral palsy (CP) is portrayed as a congenital neurological disorder that is characterized by changes in movement, posture and especially muscle tone. These irregularities are due to the non-evolutionary lesion in the central nervous system, thus causing a faulty development of the system still in the uterus, during childbirth or until the first two years of life. The present study consists of a systematic literature review, developed for scientific purposes, focusing on the use of virtual reality in patients with cerebral palsy, based mainly on children. There was a rigorous analysis of PubMed, Cochrane, VHL and Science Direct databases through an in-depth search with the following descriptors: Virtual reality, cerebral palsy, children and physiotherapy. After reading the title and objectives of the articles, it was noticed that some were repeated in the different databases, having as selection criteria articles between the years 2019-2022, along with those studies where it was found as a literary review, associated with works who used any form of virtual reality on patients with cerebral palsy. The results found show facts that virtual reality positively affects this neurological disorder, proving to be very effective in upper and lower limbs, acting confidently in the gait, increasing and talking the range of motion, resulting in an improvement in spatial perception and in executive functions, enhancing balance and postural control. It is concluded that virtual reality is relevant, as it provides a significant improvement in all functional aspects, bringing positive therapeutic approaches to improve the quality of life of patients with cerebral palsy. The objective of the study is to portray the effects of virtual reality as one of the interventions to be used as a means of physical therapy approach in the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy.
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